PHP configuration is mostly done through a special file called
php.ini. This file is read by the PHP interpreter at startup and contains directives that adjust the behavior of PHP.
For example, the php.ini file is where you specify how errors are handled (whether they should be displayed or logged), maximum file upload sizes, maximum post sizes, which extensions to load, and more.
When you make changes to the php.ini file, you'll typically need to restart your web server for those changes to take effect. It's important to be careful when modifying the php.ini file, as incorrect settings can cause your PHP scripts to behave unexpectedly or prevent them from running at all.
If you're using a hosting provider, they may provide a user interface for modifying some PHP settings instead of directly editing the php.ini file. However, this is not always guaranteed. Some hosts will even go as far as to restrict you from modifying PHP's configuration since some servers share the same installation of PHP.
Viewing the Configuration
PHP offers a simple function for viewing your configuration called
phpinfo() function is a built-in function in PHP that outputs a large amount of information about PHP's current state, including information about PHP compilation options, extensions, versions, server information, and the PHP environment.
phpinfo() function is incredibly useful when you want to check your PHP configuration, see what PHP modules are installed, or check the PHP version. It can also help in debugging issues related to PHP settings and server configuration.
Here's how you use it:
- Create a new PHP file (let's call it
info.php) in your web server's document root directory.
- Inside this file, add the following code:
You should see a web page that displays a detailed configuration report generated by the
phpinfo() function. This report includes details about your PHP environment, including the location of the
php.ini file. The path to your PHP configuration can be found in a row called Loaded Configuration File.
But remember, because
phpinfo() outputs a lot of detailed information about your server (including potentially sensitive information), you should only use it for debugging and remove or comment out the
phpinfo() function once you're done. You should avoid using it on a live website, as it could potentially expose information that would be useful to attackers.
You can find a complete list of settings and descriptions over at PHP's documentation page here: https://www.php.net/manual/en/ini.list.php
Modifying the Configuration
Using the info from the
phpinfo() function, locate and open the
php.ini file in a code editor of your choice.
php.ini file is a critical part of PHP and serves as the primary configuration file for running applications that require PHP. It's the first thing that PHP looks for when it starts to execute a script.
php.ini file is used to control variables such as upload sizes, file timeouts, and resource limits. It also includes settings related to security, performance, and functionality.
php.ini file is written in a simple, plain-text format. Settings are organized into sections, and each setting is typically on its own line.
Here is a simple example of what entries in a
php.ini file might look like:
; This is a comment
memory_limit = 128M
upload_max_filesize = 2M
post_max_size = 8M
In the above example:
memory_limitis a directive that sets the maximum amount of memory a script is allowed to allocate.
upload_max_filesizeis a directive that sets the maximum size of an uploaded file.
post_max_sizeis a directive that sets the maximum size of POST data that PHP will accept.
There are three types of values you can use:
- Strings wrapped in double-quotes
Numbers and booleans do not need to be wrapped in quotes.
php.ini are lines that are ignored by PHP. These are typically used to include notes or explanations in the file. You can write a comment in
php.ini by starting the line with a semicolon (
;). For example,
; This is a comment.
Remember, after making changes to the
php.ini file, you typically need to restart your web server for the changes to take effect. The exact method to do this can vary depending on your server setup.
php.inifile is the primary configuration file for PHP applications.
- It contains settings that control variables such as upload sizes, file timeouts, and resource limits.
- The file is written in a simple, plain-text format, with each setting typically on its own line.
- Comments can be added by starting the line with a semicolon (
;), and they are ignored by PHP.
- After making changes to the
php.inifile, the web server typically needs to be restarted for changes to take effect.
phpinfo()function can be used to view the current PHP configuration settings, including those set in the